Meeting challenges of the future


Ethiopia is creating a primary healthcare system from scratch.

  • Currently, more than 85% of the population gains access to primary healthcare.1
  • The percentage of births have doubled between 2004 and 2008, during which more than 50% of the number of women receive antenatal care in addition to number of infants who receive full immunisation.1
  • There is 52% decline of under-five mortality over the last decade, down to just 88 per 1,000 live births in 2010.1
  •  Strong leadership from the Ministry of Health driven healthcare policy doubled the number of Ethiopia’s health workforce in three years.
  •  A mobilisation campaign was target at young women to train health extension workers.1
  • Furthermore, Ethiopia complements private-sector investments in new hospitals and the government is close to building 15,000 new health posts and 3,200 health centres in Ethiopia.
  • Future challenges include further scaling to meet the expectations of a national health system and to sustain current efforts in the sector.1
  • It will be challenging to meet the maternal health targets set by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Ethiopia. There needs to be universal access to basic healthcare service before achieving health MDGs.1


1. The Economist Intelligence Unit Limited. The future of healthcare in Africa[Internet]. The Economist; 2012 [cited 2014 Mar 10]. Available from:


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